Raw Materials Trading
BFRS supplies raw materials, used in the production process of steel, to producers around the world.
Steel can be recycled almost indefinitely without losing its properties. Obsolete ferrous scrap is derived from steel-containing goods at the end of their useful lives (e.g.a drinks can, a 15-year-old car, a 50-year-old building). Revert scrap is steel waste produced and recycled within a steelworks. New production scrap is generated when steel is cut and formed during the manufacturing of finished products or components. The scrap is returned to steelworks and foundries.
Non Ferrous Scrap
Nonferrous metals, including aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, tin, zinc and others, are among the few materials that do not degrade or lose their chemical or physical properties in the recycling process. As a result, nonferrous metals have the capacity to be recycled an infinite number of times.
Manganese is used in steel alloys to increase many favourable characteristics such as strength, hardness and durability. In fact steel cannot be produced without manganese; it is an essential ingredient in the process.
Alloys of iron with a high proportion of added elements – such as silicon, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium and manganese – that are used to improve properties in the production of special steels.
Hot briquetted iron (HBI) is Direct Reduced Iron that has been processed into briquettes. Instead of using a blast furnace, the oxygen is removed from the ore using natural gas and results in a substance that is 91%–94% iron. Because DRI may spontaneously combust during transportation, HBI is preferred when the metallic material must be stored or moved.
Direct reduced iron (DRI) – or sponge iron – is processed iron ore that is iron-rich enough to be used as a scrap substitute in electric furnace steelmaking. It is made by the reduction (removal of oxygen) of iron oxide (iron ore) at temperatures below the fusion point of iron.
A key intermediate material in the integrated (converter-based) steelmaking process, pig iron is the product of smelting iron ore, coke and limestone in a blast furnace.
Iron ore is formed of rocks, minerals or meteorites from which metallic iron can be extracted.Typically, the iron is in the form of iron oxide, which varies in colour from dark grey, bright yellow and deep purple to rusty red.Iron ore can have up to 65% ferrous content, but is often lower and needs to be refined before use.
Coal is a family name for a variety of solid organic fuels and refers to a range of combustible sedimentary rock materials spanning a continuous quality range. For convenience, this continuous series is divided into four categories: 1) anthracite, 2) bituminous coal (metallurgical coal), 3) sub-bituminous coal, 4) lignite.
A solid carbon based product derived from baking bituminous coal at high temperature to remove volatile constituents.